Khalitya: In Ayurveda hair fall is termed as Khalitya. Nowadays hair fall is quite common.
What causes hair loss according to Ayurveda? It is caused due to Pitta(Fire) and Vata(Air) dosha imbalance. Hair follicle (Romakoopa), contains Bhrajaka pitta. If this pitta that is present at the root of the hair increases with vata association it results in hair fall. Along with this if Kapha and rakta together block the follicles of the hair, fresh ones do not grow.
Other Causes:- Increased intake of fried food, sour, spicy, salty and fermented food. Intake of tea and coffee aggravates the pitta dosha (fire) in the body. Dieting and poor nutrition. Low digestive power (poor digestive fire/Agni), iron deficiency, calcium deficiency, excessive intake of birth control pills, steroids. Chemotherapy. Not applying hair oil on a regular basis. Regular or improper use of dyes, gels and hair sprays, use of harmful shampoos, frequent use of a blow dryer.  Improper washing, drying, and combing of hair. Factors like excessive anger and stress are also responsible Excessive consumption of alcohol and meat also disturbs the normal pitta. Hormonal imbalance especially of testosterone, thyroid hormones are other factors. People leading either a stressful or sedentary lifestyle, along with poor dietary habits result in dosha imbalance which directly reflects in loss of hair. Hereditary and family history of hair loss, and underlying medical conditions like thyroid issues, anaemia, dandruff, hormonal imbalance also lead to hair loss. In women hair loss is quite common during menopause.

e. Dandruff (Darunaka):- The stubborn white flakes from the hair can cause social or self-esteem problems. You can say goodbye to dandruff with the help of Ayurveda.
The term dandruff generally refers to the condition of the skin where in shiny, silvery scales separate from the scalp and collect amidst the hair. The condition can become troublesome when the skin gets infected. Dandruff is the peeling of dead skin cells from the scalp. A small amount of flaking is normal but in some people, however, unusually large amount of flaking either chronically or as a result of certain internal / external triggers. The main causes of dandruff are impairment of general health, development of a toxic condition mainly due to taking of wrong foods, constipation, and a low vitality due to infectious diseases. Other factors contributing to this disorder are emotional tension, harsh shampoos, and exposure to cold, and general exhaustion.
Success Story: Female / 38 years old History of dandruff and dry skin past 5 years. After detailed consultation and accessing the prakriti of the person, she was prescribed ayurvedic herbal medicines to cleanse the blood and at the same time to prevent the dryness of the skin. Oils (dhurdhoorpatradi Coconut oil/durvadi kerathailam/ Asoria (AVP proprietary oil) were given to use thrice a week. Also shirolepam was advised for 7 sessions.
Diet and lifestyle changes were advised. Within A WEEK there was remarkable improvement in the reduction of dry scales on the scalp, less itching and skin was less dry now. She was asked to continue the medicines and the oils, after a month all symptoms were gone, her hair was more smooth and no more dandruff.